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How to choose top quality Orchid

Posted on February 08 2021

How to choose top quality Orchid
How to choose top-quality orchid potted plants during the New Year? Types of orchids? How to raise orchids? How to choose orchids? How to choose orchid species? How to choose top-quality orchids?
First explain the types of orchids
Orchid is a world-famous flower. There are more than 15,000 species in the national orchid family. Asian Chinese orchids are Cymbidium, Oceania and Africa are mostly Phoenix orchids, Singapore Vanda orchids, Finnish lily of the valley, Yugoslavia lily of the valley, Seychelles - Phoenix Lan, Zimbabwe-Garland, South American countries designated as the country: Brazil Cattelan, Costa Rica Cattelan. Ecuador and Guatemala are Licatlan, Colombian Cattleya, and Ecuadorian white orchid. Since most of the earthen orchids are native to China, orchids are also called "Chinese orchids" and are listed as the top ten famous flowers in China. Chinese orchids are mainly divided into seven categories: Chunlan, Cymbidium, Jianlan, Hanlan, Molan, Chunjian, and Lotus petals, with thousands of horticultural varieties.
How to raise orchids and bluegrass?
For many friends who love green plants, orchids will also be a good choice for garden planting. "Three points of planting, seven points of cultivation", this is the ancients' experience of growing orchids. The most important thing in growing orchids is to have patience. The quality of maintenance is related to whether the orchids flourish and whether they can bloom. The general principle for watering orchids is "Never dry or water, water thoroughly." The following editor will explain the various maintenance and management methods of orchids:

1. Place
The place where the orchid is placed is very important, it directly affects the growth and development of the orchid. Orchids are generally placed in the open field in spring, summer, and autumn (in the open shade in summer), and indoors in winter. It is best to be open and humid outdoors. There should be plenty of light indoors, preferably facing south, which is conducive to the growth of orchids. Orchid pots are best placed on a wooden stand or table, not directly on the ground. In order to prolong the flowering time of flowers, do not place them in a location where the temperature is too high or too low. For example, the temperature of the entrance is low, and the temperature near the heater port is too high, it is best to stay away from these places.
2. Shade
Orchids are mostly semi-negative plants, and most species are afraid of direct sunlight and need proper shade. Orchids can be exposed to more sunlight to promote their growth in early and mid-April. Shade properly after late April. The erect leaf varieties of summer orchids and Qiulan are best placed in the south of the shade to allow them to receive more sunlight; for fall-leaf Qiulan and Chunlan, it is better to receive two hours of light a day. From June to September, shade early every day. If you use reed curtains, you can use dense curtains or two-layer thin curtains. After October, the weather becomes cooler and the sun is weak, so you can postpone the sheltering of vegetables, but you still need to pay attention to sheltering around noon.
3. Rainproof
Orchid can be exposed to light rain, but to avoid mildew rain, showers or continuous rain. In the mildew rain season, it is necessary to do a good job of rain protection. From late June to mid-September, there are often showers. If the rain is short and the amount of rain is small, you should water more in the evening to discharge the heat in the basin, otherwise it will damage the orchids and even the roots will die. If the sun reappears after a shower, it is necessary to keep the shade in time to prevent the rising heat on the ground from affecting orchid growth. The rainy season is at the stage when orchids are drawing out leaf buds. If the pot soil is too warm, it will cause poor growth of leaf buds or cause disease. At this time, you can sprinkle a small amount of plant ash to adjust the humidity of the pot soil.
4. Watering
The flower proverb says: "Dry orchids and wet chrysanthemums", this has some truth. Generally speaking, the best orchid is 80% dry and half wet. If it is too wet, it is easy to cause the flower to rot and die. The principle of watering should be: water dry when dry, stop when wet, and dry properly. When you know the details, you should generally pay attention to: in the growth period (the end of May to June), water should be appropriate, and the leaf bud period (about 3-4 months) and the flowering period (about 3-4 months) should be watered appropriately. During the dormant period (winter), watering should be less or no watering. Large pots and small orchid plants should be watered less, and large pots should be watered more. Water more appropriately when the climate is hot and dry, and less or no water when it is cold and humid (such as the mild rain season). For orchids newly dug from the mountain, if the root system is sparse or there are many broken roots, water less to make the pot soil dry, so as not to rot the roots and facilitate the extraction of new leaves.
Watering time: in summer and autumn, it is better to water after sunset to make the orchid leaves dry before nightfall, or in the early morning; in winter and spring, it is better to water before sunrise. Do not irrigate with cold water immediately after the sun is scorching in order to prevent the soil temperature from falling, affecting root water absorption and disturbing physiological balance. The amount of watering should not be too large to help prevent the occurrence of diseases.
Watering method: watering should be poured from the side of the pot, not into the buds, so as not to cause rot.

How to choose top-quality orchids?
1. Good orchid varieties should be correct, they should be vigorous and shiny, with more leaves, bright green leaves, and plump and plump pseudocorms.
2. If the stems, leaves, and roots are withered and dehydrated, their vitality is weak. If you are not sure to bring them back to life, it is best not to buy them.
3. The more leafless old pseudocorms, the more they can promote the germination of new buds, which should not be regarded as useless and should be retained.
4. The sturdy orchid plant has white roots exposed on the surface of the pot and yellow-brown in the planting material in the pot. It is hard when pressed by hand. If the root is rotten and dark brown, it will become soft or dry when pressed by hand.
5. Do not buy orchid plants with diseases or insect pests to prevent spreading to other orchid plants or flowers.
6. If the planting material in the pot has been rotten or has not been updated for a long time, it must be replaced immediately after buying it back. If it cannot be replaced in a short time, do not buy it temporarily.
7. If you want to buy ramified seedlings, it is best to choose the spring and autumn seasons, which are easy to continue to grow after planting.
8. For beginners, buying orchids that can bloom within a short period of time or the next year can increase their interest and confidence.
9. Orchid plants include bottle seedlings, seedlings, small seedlings, middle seedlings, near-flowering plants, and mature plants. Beginners should choose near-flowering plants or mature plants for trial planting, which is easier to succeed. After accumulating experience, choose smaller orchid plants for cultivation.